What is thiain deficiency?
You may know little about thiamine, aka vitamin B1. Despite its bad reputation, thiamine is very important. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, your body needs it to help burn carbohydrates to generate energy and to keep your nerves functioning properly. Thiamin also plays an important role in heart and muscle function, said Lisa Andrews, M.D., a nutritionist from Cincinnati, Ohio.
Because thiamine is water soluble, it is not stored in the body for a long time and requires a stable supply to avoid deficiency. You can take enough food, supplements, or both. The best sources of intake for thiamine include fortified cereals for breakfast, pork, white rice, trout, mussels and black beans. Thiamine is contained in many multivitamins and many vitamin B groups. The recommended intake is 1.2 milligrams per day for men and 1.1 milligrams a day for women. Who is pregnant or breastfeeding? You need 1.4 milligrams a day. Here are 11 quiet signs of thiamine deficiency.
Thiamine deficiency symptoms
Feeling run down are often a symbol of stress, poor sleep, or it might be a scarcity of thiamine in your diet. If you’re constantly battling fatigue, you would possibly want to speak to your doctor a few potential lack of thiamine.
You’re exhausted or are having memory problems
Feeling tired are often a symbol of the many medical conditions. With thiamine deficiency, you’ll feel fatigued because your body needs thiamine to get energy from nutrients. “Mental confusion may be a common sign of thiamine deficiency too,” says Andrews. “Thiamine is required for various enzymes that are vital to glucose metabolism within the brain.” The brain specifically requires glucose as an energy source. It’s needed for neurons and brain cells to properly function.
Your muscles are weak or you’re losing weight
“Deficiency of thiamine is understood as beriberi,” says Andrews. “When we don’t get adequate thiamine from a scarcity of it in our diet or for other reasons, metabolism of glucose is affected. and that we may experience muscle weakness, fatigue, amnesia , loss of appetite, and weight loss.” If untreated, beriberi can in extreme cases cause congestive coronary failure or death, consistent with the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
You’re not hungry
“Thiamine plays a task within the brain’s hypothalamus, a gland that controls appetite and hunger,” says Andrews. “When there’s a thiamine deficiency, the brain thinks it’s full and loss of appetite may occur.”
Your arms or legs are numb or tingling
People with chronic alcoholism, a drug-use disorder, a severe food poisoning, or AIDS are in danger for Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. A main symptom of the syndrome is encephalopathy, and other people with this condition often experience peripheral neuropathy. “This may be a condition during which nerves that carry messages to and from the brain are damaged thanks to thiamine deficiency,” says Andrews. “Signs may include numbness or tingling within the arms and legs.” The Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome can also cause Korsakoff’s psychosis. Symptoms include STM loss, disorientation, and confusion. Rapid treatment is critical because up to twenty percent of individuals at the encephalopathy stage and 25 percent of individuals within the psychosis stage die, consistent with the NIH.
Your newborn has diarrhea or is vomiting
When a mother who is deficient in thiamine breastfeeds her newborn, the baby may experience scary symptoms such as shortness of breath, bluish color on the skin, diarrhea, and vomiting. Mayo Clinic Laboratories. Thiamine isn’t the sole B-complex vitamin you’ll be deficient in.
Thiamine deficiency causes
Behaviors, medications, and certain conditions can both inhi
bit your absorption of this vital B-complex vitamin.
You have a drinking problem
For alcoholics, there’s a double-edged sword with thiamine. “Alcohol reduces thiamine absorption,” explains Doctor Andrews. “And, it is said that the risk of thiamine deficiency is high because the person of the alcoholism has a low intake of the meal, the amount of thiamine necessary for the alcohol metabolism is large, and the loss of thiamine in urine is high.”
You’re taking water pills
“People taking diuretics may be at risk of losing thiamine in their urine,” Doctor Andrews said. In a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 33% of people with congestive heart failure were deficient in thiamine, while only 12 percent were healthy. In the water medicine and thiamine deficiency, the question “Which is first” comes out. “Thiamine deficiency can lead to heart failure, and the treatment of heart failure by using high doses of diuretics can lead to thiamine deficiency,” Andrews noted. A study published in the American Journal of Medicine found that plastid, a diuretic drug commonly prescribed in heart failure patients, may inhibit the way cells in the body absorb thiamine. In addition, it is said that an increase in urine volume and urine flow rate in heart failure patients may lead to thiamine deficiency.
You have diabetes
People with type 1 or type 2 diabetes may be more likely to lack thiamine. In a study published in the journal Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research, 8% of diabetics were mildly deficient in thiamine, and 32 percent were moderately deficient. Clearing more thiamine from a diabetic person’s body can activate kidney activity.
- MedlinePlus: “Thiamine”
- Lisa Andrews, MEd, RD, a dietitian in Cincinnati, Ohio
- National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements: “Thiamin”
- MedlinePlus: “Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome”
- Journal of the American College of Cardiology: “The Prevalence of Thiamin Deficiency in Hospitalized Patients With Congestive Heart Failure”
- American Journal of Medicine: “Does Long-Term Furosemide Therapy Cause Thiamine Deficiency in Patients With Heart Failure? A Focused Review”
- Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research: “Evaluating thiamine deficiency in patients with diabetes”
- Mayo Clinic Laboratories: “Test ID: TDP”